Oklahoma Water Resources Board the Water Agency

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Groundwater Studies

Oklahoma statutes direct the OWRB to conduct hydrologic investigations to determine the amount of fresh groundwater available for appropriation. Staff hydrogeologists, modelers, engineering consultants, and federal agencies assist in characterizing hydrologic properties of aquifers and determine recharge, effects of pumping, and water demand. Investigations include the determination of the upper, lower, and lateral boundaries of the groundwater basin as well as aquifer properties, such as saturated thickness, hydraulic conductivity, transmissivity, specific yield, and storage coefficient to understand the storage and yield capacity of the basin.

Status of investigation for Oklahoma's 22 major aquifers and related scientific reports:


Ada-Vamoosa

Ada-Vamoosa Aquifer Map

The Ada-Vamoosa aquifer underlies 1,975 square miles of northern and central Oklahoma, including portions of Creek, Lincoln, Okfuskee, Osage, Pawnee, Payne, Pontotoc, Pottawatomie, and Seminole counties. Wells commonly yield 1.2 to 290 gallons per minute. The aquifer is primarily used for public supply and domestic purposes.


Antlers

Antlers Aquifer Map

The Antlers aquifer underlies 4,400 square miles of southeast Oklahoma, including portions of McCurtain, Choctaw, Pushmataha, Bryan, Atoka, Love, Marshall, Carter, and Johnston counties. Wells commonly yield 100 to 500 gallons per minute. The saturated thickness is up to 1,000 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for domestic purposes.


Arbuckle-Simpson

Arbuckle-Simpson Aquifer Map

The Arbuckle-Simpson aquifer underlies 612 square miles of south-central Oklahoma, including portions of Carter, Coal, Johnston, Murray, and Pontotoc counties. Wells commonly yield 100 to 500 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 3,400 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for public supply and irrigation.


Arbuckle-Timbered Hills

Antlers Aquifer Map

The Arbuckle-Timbered Hills aquifer underlies 376 square miles of southwest Oklahoma, including portions of Caddo, Comanche, and Kiowa counties. Wells commonly yield greater than 50 gallons per minute. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation, agriculture, public supply, and domestic purposes.


Arkansas River

Arkansas River Aquifer Map

The Arkansas River aquifer underlies 858 square miles of northeast Oklahoma, including portions of Haskell, Kay, Le Flore, Muskogee, Noble, Osage, Pawnee, Sequoyah, Tulsa, and Wagoner counties. Wells commonly yield greater than 100 gallons per minute. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation, public supply, and domestic purposes.


Blaine

Blaine Aquifer Map

The Blaine aquifer underlies 930 square miles of southwest Oklahoma, including portions of Beckham, Harmon, Greer, and Jackson counties. Wells commonly yield 300 to 2,000 gallons per minute. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation.


Boone-Roubidoux

Boone-Roubidoux Aquifer Map

The Boone-Roubidoux aquifer underlies 4,600 square miles of northeast Oklahoma, including portions of Adair, Cherokee, Craig, Delaware, Haskell, Le Flore, Mayes, Muskogee, Nowata, Ottawa, Rogers, Sequoyah, and Wagoner counties. Wells commonly yield 3.5 to 1,000 gallons per minute. The aquifer is primarily used for public supply and domestic purposes.


Canadian River Reach 1

Canadian River Aquifer Map

The Canadian River aquifer underlies 242 square miles (Reach 1) of west-central Oklahoma and 364 square miles (Reach 2) of central and east-central Oklahoma. Reach 1 includes portions of Blaine, Caddo, Custer, Dewey, Ellis, and Roger Mills counties. Reach 2 includes portions of Caddo, Canadian, Cleveland, McClain, McIntosh, Pittsburg, Pontotoc, Pottawatomie, and Seminole counties. Wells commonly yield more than 100 gallons per minute. The saturated thickness up to 90 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


Cimarron River

Cimarron AT&T Aquifer Map

The Cimarron aquifer underlies 1,342 square miles of northwest Oklahoma, including portions of Alfalfa, Garfield, Kingfisher, Lincoln, Major, and Woods counties. Wells commonly yield 50 to 200 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 30 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


Elk City Sandstone

Elk City Sandstone Aquifer Map

The Elk City Sandstone aquifer underlies 519 square miles of west-central Oklahoma, including portions of Beckham, Custer, Roger Mills, and Washita counties. Wells commonly yield more than 50 gallons per minute. The saturated thickness is up to 199 feet, with a mean of 56 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for public supply and irrigation.


Enid Isolated Terrace

Enid Isolated Terrace Aquifer Map

The Enid Isolated Terrace aquifer underlies 174 square miles of north-central Oklahoma, including portions of Alfalfa and Garfield counties. Wells commonly yield 20 to 250 gallons per minute. The saturated thickness is up to 65 feet, with a mean of 14.8 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for public supply and irrigation.


Garber-Wellington

Garber-Wellington Aquifer Map

The Garber-Wellington aquifer underlies 3,000 square miles of central Oklahoma, including portions of Payne, Logan, Lincoln, Oklahoma, Cleveland, and Pottawatomie counties. Wells commonly yield 1 to 290 gallons per minute. The saturated thickness is up to 920 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for public water supply.


Gerty Sand

Gerty Sand Aquifer Map

The Gerty Sand aquifer underlies 97 square miles of south-central Oklahoma, including portions of Garvin, McClain, and Pontotoc counties. Wells commonly yield 100 gallons per minute. The saturated thickness is up to 64 feet, with a mean of 14 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


North Canadian River

North Canadian River Aquifer Map

The North Canadian River aquifer underlies 874 square miles (Reach 1) and 371 square miles (Reach 2) of northwest Oklahoma. Reach 1 includes portions of Blaine, Dewey, Ellis, Harper, Major and Woodward counties. Reach 2 includes portions of Blaine and Canadian counties. Wells commonly yield 100 to 300 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 36 feet in Reach 1 and 29 feet in Reach 2. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


North Fork of the Red River

North Fork Red River Aquifer Map

The North Fork Red River aquifer underlies 777 square miles of southwest Oklahoma, including portions of Beckham, Greer, Jackson, Kiowa, and Roger Mills counties. Wells commonly yield 10 to 450 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 38 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


Ogallala-Northwest

Ogallala-Northwest Aquifer Map

The Ogallala - Northwest aquifer underlies 1,465 square miles of northwest Oklahoma, including portions of Dewey, Ellis, Harper, and Woodward counties. Wells commonly yield more than 50 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 95 feet in Ellis and Woodward counties and 24 feet in Harper County. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


Ogallala-Panhandle

Ogallala-Panhandle Aquifer Map

The Ogallala - Panhandle aquifer underlies 5,233 square miles of northwest Oklahoma, including portions of Beaver, Cimarron, and Texas counties. Wells commonly yield 500 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness ranges from 67 feet in Cimarron County to 200 feet in Texas County. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


Ogallala-Roger Mills

Ogallala-Roger Mills Aquifer Map

The Ogallala - Roger Mills aquifer underlies 385 square miles of west-central Oklahoma. The saturated thickness is up to 166 feet, with a mean of 45 feet. Wells commonly yield more than 50 gallons per minute. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


Red River Reach 1-2

Red River Reach 1-2 Aquifer Map

The Red River Reach 1-2 aquifer underlies 336 square miles (Reach 1) and 286 square miles (Reach 2) of southwest and south-central Oklahoma. Reach 1 includes portions of Cotton, Harmon, Jackson, and Tillman counties. Reach 2 includes portions of Cotton, Jefferson, and Love counties. Wells commonly yield 2 to 1,200 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 18 feet. The aquifer is primarily used forirrigation and public supply.


Rush Springs

Rush Springs Aquifer Map

The Rush Springs aquifer underlies 4,692 square miles of west-central Oklahoma, including portions of Blaine, Caddo, Canadian, Comanche, Custer, Grady, Stephens, and Washita counties. Wells commonly yield 50 gallons per minute. The saturated thickness is up to 432 feet, with a mean of 181 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation and public supply.


Salt Fork of the Arkansas River

Salt Fork Arkansas River Aquifer Map

The Salt Fork Arkansas River aquifer underlies 851 square miles of north-central Oklahoma, including portions of Alfalfa, Kay, Noble, Grant, and Woods counties. Wells commonly yield 100 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 22 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for public supply and irrigation.


Salt Fork of the Red River

Salt Fork Red River Aquifer Map

The Salt Fork Red River aquifer underlies 274.5 square miles of southwest Oklahoma, including portions of Greer, Harmon, and Jackson counties. Wells commonly yield 100 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 28.5 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for and public supply.


Tillman Terrace

Washita River Reach 1 Aquifer Map

The Tillman Terrace aquifer underlies 290 square miles of Tillman County in southwest Oklahoma. Wells commonly yield 400 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 23 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation.


Washita River (Reach 1)

Washita River Reach 1 Aquifer Map

Reach 1 of the Washita River aquifer underlies 136 square miles of west-central Oklahoma, including portions of Custer and Roger Mills counties. Wells commonly yield 100 gallons per minute. The mean saturated thickness is 118 feet. The aquifer is primarily used for irrigation.


Washita River (Reach 3-4)

Washita River Reach 3-4 Aquifer Map

The Washita River Reach 3 alluvial aquifer extends from approximately the city of Anadarko, OK, for about 65 channel miles to between the towns of Alex and Bradley, OK, and is 247 square miles in area. Reach 4 extends from the southeastern end of Reach 3 to just south of the town of Dougherty, OK, a total of about 100 channel miles and is 282 square miles in area. Reaches 3 and 4 are contained within the OWCP Lower Washita region, and include parts of Caddo, Grady, McClain, Garvin, Murray, and Carter counties.


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